What will be required?
First, any acidic soil should be modified immediately for 6.8 pH
using commercially available limestone. Further modification of soil
pH to the 7.0 to 8.0 pH range should be independently reviewed to
confirm if soil microbiology is further enhanced at the natural pH of
7.4 pH. This is the same pH as buffalo or a coral reef or the human
pH is the recognized target pH in Kansas conditions.
Second, No-tillage Anhydrous Ammonia should be applied at 4" to 9"
depth in the topsoil. The application would be made at 1% CV pattern
of multiple openers of tool bar width, crystallized and reacted in the
The highest levels of nutrient
efficiency are achieved by crystallizing the fertilizer materials
using very moderate amounts of Thio-sulfates and micronutrients like
zinc and manganese to stabilize applied nutrients for present and
right balance of NPKS+Zn is like Goldilocks’
happy comment, "This porridge is just right."
Cover cropping and improved three- and four-year rotations will
help lower GHG by keeping the soil alive in areas with more rainfall
than the crop needs. At higher altitudes and west of the 100th
meridian, more diverse winter cropping is used without requiring cover
In North America,
Renewable, Clean and Green
NH3 plants must be built. The Anhydrous Ammonia
must be stored and applied differently to meet the environmental needs
of long-term crop production, clean air and clean water. This economic
shift requires a departure from carbon-based energy such as natural
gas and coal to build syngas and in turn build the primary nitrogen,
Transportation and Heat/Process.
Wind-powered green ammonia is now out competing natural gas at
Yara and BP’s large and small plants in Australia. North America is
next with Green Play Ammonia.
Wind Powered, Renewable, Green Ammonia from Australia goes
primarily to Japan and will be used in shipping and storing in the
former LNG bunkers of the large ocean going vessels.
Renewable Green NH3 plants will move ahead in inland areas in the
USA and Canada using 3 to 6 megawatt wind towers. Other sources of
energy can include Photo Voltaic. Nuclear will most likely be too
expensive to build ammonia in almost every case proposed. Hydropower
will not be a good choice for the Great Plains.
In fact Hydropower and Nuclear may be best used with the electrical
Small scale 10 megawatt wind powered ammonia plants offer the
greatest flexibility for local production. Small optimized renewable
plants also have improved safety over Mega Scale ammonia plants.
Keeping ammonia production in small
optimized plants is required with NH3 storage about every 30 miles
along the Interstate system. No grid works is required since ammonia
is easily and safely transported in DOT transports with Hazmat
drivers. For sure 150% more hydrogen can be transported as NH3.
Storage on farm is required at a minimum of 30,000 gallons.